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Thursday, October 30, 2008

The Counsellor - 20

Course details 

I have passed my class XII in science, (PCM) securing a 50%. Please give me details about the BSc degree from Ignou. Can I participate in competitive exams and apply for a PG in some other university? 
   Manish Verma

Indira Gandhi National Open University (Ignou) offers a choice of BSc (Gen) and BSc with physics, chemistry, maths, biology, life science,nautical science,nursing etc. Since Ignou is a fully-recognised university, you can easily apply for PG courses in any university provided you have the requisite marks. You can sit for any competitive exam including the UPSC (union public service commission) civil services exam as well. 
   As you must be aware, the application deadline is in July. For details, log onto their website:


Legal courses 

Is BGL (Bachelor of General Laws) and LLB the same? If I complete BGL, will I be eligible to practice as a lawyer? 

BGL and LLB courses differ in their scope and duration. While BGL is a two-year course, LLB takes three years for completion. Eligibility for both the courses is a Bachelor's degree. However you can pursue an integrated 5-year BA LLB programme straight after class XII.


According to the Bar Council of India, you cannot practice in a court of law after BGL or BAL (Bachelor of Academic Laws),though you can join a solicitor's firm or give legal advice. Besides, your degree will be an asset in various jobs, which require knowledge of law such as CS (company secretaryship), personnel management, industrial relations, consulting, working with NGOs and LPOs (legal process outsourcing). 

Public notary 

I am a woman lawyer practicing in court for the last six years. I am interested in becoming a public notary but I have heard that one requires at least 10 years of work experience. Is this true? Also could you please tell me a little bit about the work profile? 
   K Sera

Notaries draft, verify, and attest various deeds and documents both judicial and non judicial such as conveyances and power of attorney concerning real estate, factories etc. 
   Notaries often bear witness to and certify signatures on legal documents. Also you will be called upon to prepare a person's last will and testament that we so often see hotly contested on TV soap operas. 
   Sometimes the courts direct notaries to exercise the function of Protem (temporary), judge, magistrate, commissioner or arbitrator. 
   Appointment of a notary is a statutory appointment, which is done under the Notaries Act. 
   To answer your first question, the eligibility for becoming a public notary is as follows: Advocates (civil/criminal/ taxation/revenue) who have been practicing for the last 10 years and enrolled with the Bar Council of India, having a no-objection certificate from the concerned Bar Council are invited by the judicial branch of the State government. 
   However applicants belonging either to SC, ST, OBC and women candidates need only seven years of legal practice.


Age permit 

What is the age limit/relaxation for exams conducted by the Staff Selection Commission? 
Ramu Mishra

The age limit is different for different posts. Make sure you confirm this from the respective exam notices published in Employment News/ 
Rozgar Samachar. Generally the age limit is 18 - 27 years. 
   The relaxation in upper age limit is as follows: five years for SC/STs, three years for OBCs and 10 years for the physically handicapped. For widows, divorced women and judicially separated women, the age limit is 35 years for UR category; 40 years 
for SC/ST women and 38 years for OBC women. For ex-servicemen and departmental candidates, it is best to consult the exam notification.


Archaeology courses 

While studying history as part of my BA programme, I have developed an interest in archaeology. Could you please suggest some universities that offer this subject at the PG-level and also tell me about the job prospects in this field? 
   V.K. Vyas

Archaeology is the systematic study of extinct societies, and the past of living societies through excavation analysis, and interpretation of their artifacts, human and other remains. Besides archaeological theory you will learn about field and dating methods, conservation, and cultural and physical evolution. 
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) offers jobs related to this field. You can also opt for jobs in museums, research institutions, the travel and tourism industry or work with bodies like the Indian Council for Cultural Research (ICCR) or the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH). Private collectors also require the services of archaeologists. There are increasing opportunities both in the public and private sectors in heritage management, curating and academics, regional archaeological services and development work both in India and overseas. Teaching and creating public awareness is another option. Preserving our rich and diverse heritage is of utmost importance. And heritage can be protected only when you share your knowledge with the people living in the surrounding areas and co-opting them in your conservation effort. 
Specialisations in this field include epigraphy (deciphering ancient inscriptions), numismatics (the study of old coins, medals, etc to reconstruct history), restoration and conservation of ancient monuments, heritage sites and artifacts. 
Some institutions, which offer PG courses in archaeology and related fields in the north are the Barkatullah Vishwavidhyalaya in Bhopal, the Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi and the Kurukshetra University. Some notable courses that can be pursued in this discipline include the two-year Masters in archaeology and heritage management and Masters in conservation, preservation and heritage management offered by The Delhi Institute of Heritage Research and Management, and a two-year PG Diploma in archaeology offered by the Institute of Archaeology, ASI.


 Sunil Sharma


Dil Se Desi Group


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